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  • Gillan sang in a production of Jesus Christ Superstarbefore joining the band. His powerful vocals set the standard for the role.
  • During his time apart from Deep Purple, Gillan formed the predictably titled Ian Gillan Band, which released six albums between 1978 and 1982. He was also in Black Sabbath for a short time (not with Ozzy).
  • Glover has done session and production work for Judas Priest, Nazareth, Spencer Davis, Gillan, and Rainbow. Rainbow is the group Blackmore formed when he left Deep Purple.
  • After leaving Deep Purple, Coverdale went on to stardom in the ’80s hair band Whitesnake.
  • Blackmore rejected comparisons to groups like Black Sabbath. “We don’t just shower the songs with heavy chords and leave it at that,” he said.
  • Their highest-charting album in America was Machine Head in 1972, thanks to “Smoke on the Water.” It only reached #7, but had staying power, selling over two million copies and putting the band in the same sales league with The Who and Led Zeppelin.
  • Guitar virtuoso Joe Satriani has played guitar for the band on tour.
  • Turner started his music career in a Deep Purple cover band. After Gillan’s second departure, he got a chance at the real thing. He had also been a singer for Rainbow.
  • Gillan was in many bands before joining Deep Purple. They include: Wainright’s Gentlemen, The Moonshiners, and the Hickies.
  • Lord was in a band with Rolling Stones guitarist Ron Wood called The Santa Barbara Machine Head. Lord also was a member of the Artwoods. The lead singer of that group was Ron Wood’s brother, Art Wood.
  • One of Blackmore’s previous bands was called the Roman Empire, which performed wearing gladiator outfits.
  • Deep Purple was originally signed to the Tetragrammaton label, a US-based company owned by comedian Bill Cosby.
  • They adopted the Deep Purple name following a brief Scandinavian tour, immediately after which the quintet began recording their debut album, whose sound was heavily influenced by the US band Vanilla Fudge.
  • Bolin replaced Ritchie Blackmore, who left the band in 1975. Tommy died a year later on December 4, 1976 of a drug overdose at age 25.
  • They held the Guinness Book of World Records title of the Worlds Loudest Band (117 dB) in the 1975-76 edition.
  • Deep Purple has undergone various lineup changes labeled in “Marks.” Mark II was the most successful featuring Ian Gillan as singer, Richie Blackmore as guitarist, Roger Glover on bass, Ian Paice on drums, and Jon Lord on keyboards. Ian Paice is the only original member who was with every variation of the group.
  • The back cover for the Made In Japan album was a photo from a September 30, 1972 gig at the Brixton Sundown (now the Brixton O2 Academy). If you look closely, you may spot the future Def Leppard guitarist Phil Collen in the crowd.
  • Original singer Evans used the Deep Purple name to play West Coast bars in the early 1980s.
  • The first album recorded after Gillan and Glover joined was recorded with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; it was a live album called Concerto for Group and Orchestra, with music composed by Jon Lord. Blackmore wasn’t a fan. “I don’t like rock musicians playing with classical orchestras,” he told Cameron Crowe. “I thought it was stupid when we were doing it.”
  • Deep Purple finally made the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016 – 23 years after they were first eligible. Only the first three lineups were inducted, leaving out Bolin, Turner and Morse. Blackmore skipped the ceremony because he and the current lineup couldn’t come to terms on the performance.

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Welcome to our “Psychedelic Lunch” series, where we find out how deep the rabbit hole really goes and explore music from the 60’s to today. Weekdays At Noon EST. Enjoy the trip!

  • He was born in Detroit. His father was a bandleader and musician who worked in an auto plant to support his wife and two children. He was the younger of two sons, and got less attention from his father.
  • When he was 10, his father abandoned the family completely, leaving for California in search of success that he never achieved. The family moved to a one-room apartment. The burden of supporting the family fell more heavily on the older son. Bob stayed up late listening to a faraway radio station. On a transistor radio and an earplug, he heard James Brown, Garnett Mimms, Little Richard, Wilson Pickett, Otis Redding and others.
  • He liked James Brown more than the Beatles. His favorite album was James Brown Live at the Apollo, Volume 1.
  • He was a good student in high school and could run a 5:05 mile, at least until he discovered rock and roll. He began staying out all night with his friends, cars circled in a farmer’s field, listening to music on the car radios.
  • In 11th grade, he had a band and was playing bars three nights a week. The applause at the junior prom changed his life.
  • In 1996 he played for nearly a million fans across the country. By 1968, he had five Top 10 singles in the Detroit market. He was unheard of outside Michigan, Florida, Pennsylvania and a few other Midwest markets, but in Detroit his records outsold The Beatles.
  • He was on the verge of breaking the national charts in 1967 when the record company promoting his single went bankrupt.
  • Motown was the first major label to offer him a contract.
  • His work ethic became a local legend. He played 260 dates in 1975.
  • He scored his first hit with “Ramblin’ Gamblin’ Man,” which made #17 US in 1969, but he didn’t make the Top 40 again until 1977, with “Night Moves.” He had a lot of regional success in the interim, with songs like “Beautiful Loser” and “Lookin’ Back.”
  • In the early ’70s, he and his band drove 25 hours to Florida, played three straight nights, and then drove 25 hours back, because they couldn’t afford motel rooms. He considered himself more a driver than a singer at the time.
  • In June 1976, he played in front of 50 people in a Chicago bar. Three days later, he played in front of 76,000 devoted fans in the Pontiac Silverdome outside Detroit.
  • He wrote about characters like Lucy Blue, Chicago Green, Already Eddie and other characters long before Springsteen created Crazy Janey and her mission man.
  • His songs, he thinks, reflect a certain morality: “What happens when you do it wrong and when you do it right.”
  • The characters in many of his songs don’t find the satisfaction or fulfillment that they thought their dreams would hold. They end up “stuck in heaven,” listening to the sound of something far away – a bird on the wing, the sound of thunder. They think back on the promise of younger years, surprised at the passage of time. Only occasionally do they find renewal. More often, they try to make some moment last; they watch it slipping past. The light fades from the screen. They wake up alone. Next time, perhaps, they’ll get it right.
  • He was greatly influenced by early advice from Freddy “Boom Boom” Cannon, who said, “Do your best, ’cause it’s only gonna last two or three years.” Seger thought his music career would be over by 30, at which point he would motorcycle across Europe and get a real job.
  • He’s a perfectionist who spends months in the studio fixing problems no one else can hear. He’s a Taurus, which means “You can’t move him with a crane.”
  • He admires Leonard Cohen, Tom Waits and Joni Mitchell.
  • He believes his rock and roll savagery was tempered for many years by the need to produce mainstream records.
  • He has sold nearly 50 million albums, including 10 consecutive million-selling albums between 1975 and 1995.
  • His music didn’t appear on streaming services like Spotify until 2017. Any revenue he lost from holding out was likely more than compensated for by huge catalog sales – his Greatest Hits album sold 5 million copies in America from 2002-2017.

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Neil was born in Toronto but moved to Winnipeg as a teenager when his parents divorced. His mother was a panelist on a Canadian quiz show and his father was a sports writer for the Toronto Sun.

In 1982, Geffen Records signed Young and gave him complete creative control. Young made some experimental albums that flopped, and Geffen sued him, claiming he was intentionally making commercially unsuccessful albums. He settled the suit and went back to his old label, Reprise, in 1988.

He formed the influential band Buffalo Springfield with Stephen Stills in 1966. When Buffalo Springfield was inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame in 1997, Young boycotted the presentation because he felt the event was too commercial. Seats at the dinner cost $1,200 each.

He worked as a solo artist while touring and recording with Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young.

In 1979, he released a concert movie called Rust Never Sleeps. Young directed it using the name Bernard Shakey.

New York magazine The Village Voice named him ’70s Artist Of The Decade.

At age 5, he contracted polio. The disease damaged the left side of his body and may have contributed to seizures he would experience for years to come.

When he formed his first band, The Squires, and traveled to gigs, they did so in Neil’s hearse, which he named Mortimer. He loved that hearse.

His son Ben was born with cerebral palsy, as was his second son Zeke (born with a milder case). This led Neil’s involvement with The Bridge School, which serves special-needs children. Neil holds a benefit concert for the school every year.

Young is the first artist to record two MTV Unpluggeds. He was so upset about the quality of the first one he showed up again three months later to record another one. R.E.M. also recorded two.

Young has indulged in marijuana and cocaine, but very rarely. In the movie The Last Waltz, you can see a huge ball of coke in Neil’s nose; for the 2002 theatrical and DVD release, MGM digitally erased the ball. Young has never touched heroin or acid, and has never been in rehab.

He is a part owner of the Lionel train company. And holds patents on model railroad controls he uses with his son Ben.

One of his first bands was The Mynah Birds, which featured Rick James on lead vocals. They signed with Motown, but the deal (and the band) fell apart when James was busted for dodging the draft.

In 1995, Pearl Jam recorded an album with Young called Mirror Ball. Because of record company restrictions, the name Pearl Jam could not appear anywhere on the album, but each member is named individually.

A 17-year-old Neil Young made his stage debut at a country club in Winnipeg, Canada on January 31, 1963.

Neil Young’s father Scott was a journalist and sportswriter who worked for a Toronto news agency during the 1940s, and was later a star columnist at Canada’s most prestigious daily, The Globe and Mail. Neil wrote of his dad in his 2012 memoir Waging Heavy Peace, “It turns out he taught me everything I need to know. He said ‘Just write every day, and you’ll be surprised what comes out.'”

Neil Young has been married three times. He wed his first wife, restaurant owner Susan Acevedo, in December 1968 and they had a son, Zeke, together. She filed for divorce in October 1970.

Young met Pegi Morton in 1974 while she was working as a waitress at the Bella Vista restaurant in Woodside, California near Young’s ranch, a story he tells in the Harvest Moon song “Unknown Legend.” They married in 1978 and have two children together, Ben and Amber. Young filed for divorce in 2014 after 36 years of marriage.

Young has been in a relationship with the actress Daryl Hannah since 2014. They tied the knot in a low-key wedding in Atascadero, California on August 25, 2018, surrounded by close friends and loved ones.

Both Ben and Zeke are diagnosed with cerebral palsy, which inspired Neil and Pegi to start a non-profit called the Bridge School.

Neil Young has lived in California since 1966; he was finally given US citizenship 54 years later after taking the oath on January 22, 2020. Young applied for citizenship in November 2019, but didn’t get it right away because he admitted using marijuana. The “Rockin’ In The Free World” singer said his application was flagged under an immigration policy alert that uses drug use as a barometer for “good moral character.”

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Remembering Death Metal Pioneer Chuck Schuldiner

Chuck Schuldiner, of Death, in 1995. Schuldiner died of a brain tumor on December 13, 2001.
Courtesy of the artist

19 ago this week, Schuldiner died after a two-year battle with brain cancer.

Death was one of the first ever death metal bands in the United States. They started in 1983 under the name Mantas and then the name was changed to Death in 1984. Chuck was only 16 years old.

Charles Michael “Chuck” Schuldiner was an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist. He founded the band Death in 1983 and was their lead vocalist until his death in 2001

Death is no longer a band since Chuck Schuldiner died on December 13, 2001. He was 34 years old. He had brain cancer and the medication he was on to beat the cancer made him weak. He died of pneumonia. He had another band project called Control Denied during the 3 years before he died.

The UK’s 2002 issue of Kerrang! magazine said that “Chuck Schuldiner was one of the most significant figures in the history of metal.”

Original members were Schuldiner (guitar), Rick Rozz (guitar) and Kam Lee(drums and vocals). In January 1986, Schuldiner moved to Toronto and temporarily joined the Canadian band Slaughter. However, he quickly returned to continue the formation of Death.

[Chuck Schuldiner] showed the foresight and courage to not only help create the rules of death metal, but to demonstrate how to break them. — Arthur von Nagel (Cormorant)

There’s something to be said for the visionary who dismantles the very movement he’s created or pioneered. John Coltrane left behind hard bop to scatter sheets of sound, always knowing there was something more to explore. After joining the Communist Party, composer Cornelius Cardew rejected his prominent role in the English Avant-Garde to protect populist folk music. For a humble guitarist from Florida named Chuck Schuldiner, his metal band Death (not to be confused with the proto-punk band of the same name) was a mere instrument. Along with the Bay Area’s Possessed, Death not only helped spawn an entire extreme genre around gore and technical guitar wizardry, but like horror movies sometimes do, Death also challenged our notions of life.

From the 1983 Death by Metal demo by a pre-Death band called Mantas to the hollering banshee wail of Scream Bloody Gore to the early jazz-metal fusions of Human to the glorious 1998 swansong, The Sound of Perseverance, Schuldiner lived the Leonardo da Vinci creed: “Art is never finished, only abandoned.” Not one Death album was the same, but they were very much all connected; the non-linear narrative continued through Schuldiner’s formation of the scream-less progressive heavy metal band Control Denied.

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Sarah Vaughan, in full Sarah Lois Vaughan, byname Sassy or the Divine One, (born March 27, 1924, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.—died April 3, 1990, Hidden Hills, California), American jazz vocalist and pianist known for her rich voice, with an unusually wide range, and for the inventiveness and virtuosity of her improvisations.

Vaughan was the daughter of amateur musicians. She began studying piano and organ at age seven and sang in the church choir. After winning an amateur contest at Harlem’s famed Apollo Theater in 1942, she was hired as a singer and second pianist by the Earl Hines Orchestra. A year later she joined the singer Billy Eckstine’s band, where she met Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker. Vaughan’s singing style was influenced by their instruments—“I always wanted to imitate the horns.” Gillespie, Parker, and Vaughan recorded “Lover Man” together in 1945.

By the mid-1940s Vaughan began singing with John Kirby and appearing on television variety shows. During the 1950s her audience grew as she toured both the United States and Europe, and she signed with Mercury Record Corporation and EmArcy, Mercury’s jazz label, in 1953 to sing both pop and jazz. She also appeared in three movies in that period—Jazz Festival (1956), Disc Jockey (1951), and Basin Street Revue (1956).

A contralto with a range of three octaves, she came to be regarded as one of the greatest of all jazz singers. Among her best-known songs were “It’s Magic,” “Make Yourself Comfortable,” “Broken-Hearted Melody,” “Misty,” and “Send in the Clowns.” Vaughan died in 1990, the same year in which she was inducted into the Jazz Hall of Fame.

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BORN:

October 21, 1917
Cheraw, South Carolina


DIED:

January 6, 1993 (aged 75)


Englewood, New Jersey
MOVEMENT / STYLE

Bebop

Big Band Style

Jazz

AWARDS AND HONORS

Polar Music Prize (1993)

Grammy Award (1991)

Kennedy Center Honors (1990)

Grammy Award (1975)

Dizzy Gillespie, byname of John Birks Gillespie, (born October 21, 1917, Cheraw, South Carolina, U.S.—died January 6, 1993, Englewood, New Jersey), American jazz trumpeter, composer, and bandleader who was one of the seminal figures of the bebop movement.

Gillespie’s father was a bricklayer and amateur bandleader who introduced his son to the basics of several instruments. After his father died in 1927, Gillespie taught himself the trumpet and trombone; for two years he attended the Laurinburg Institute in North Carolina, where he played in the band and took music classes. His first professional job was in Frankie Fairfax’s band in Philadelphia; his early style showed the strong influences of his idol, trumpeter Roy Eldridge. Gillespie’s penchant for clowning and capriciousness earned him the nickname Dizzy. In 1937 he was hired for Eldridge’s former position in the Teddy Hill Orchestra and made his recording debut on Hill’s version of “King Porter Stomp.”

In the late 1930s and early ’40s, Gillespie played in a number of bands, including those led by Cab Calloway, Ella Fitzgerald, Earl Hines, Duke Ellington, and Billy Eckstine. He also took part in many late-night jam sessions at Minton’s Playhouse, a New York City nightclub, and was among the club’s regulars who pioneered the bebop sound and style (others included Charlie Parker, Charlie Christian, Thelonious Monk, and Max Roach). In 1944 the first bebop recording session included Gillespie’s “Woody ’n’ You” and featured Gillespie and Coleman Hawkins. Ultimately, Charlie Parker and Gillespie were regarded as cofounders of the bebop movement; the two worked together in several small groups in the 1940s and early ’50s. Although Parker was easily irritated by Gillespie’s onstage antics, their musical relationship seemed to benefit from their personal friction and their competitive solos were inventive, even inspired.

Gillespie formed his own orchestra in the late 1940s, and it was considered to be one of the finest large jazz ensembles. Noted for complex arrangements and instrumental virtuosity, its repertoire was divided between the bop approach—from such arrangers as Tadd Dameron, John Lewis, George Russell, and Gillespie himself—and Afro-Cuban jazz (or, as Gillespie called it, “Cubop”)—in such numbers as “Manteca,” “Cubano Be,” and “Cubano Bop,” featuring conga drummer Chano Pozo. Gillespie formed other bands sporadically throughout the remainder of his career, but he played mostly in small groups from the 1950s onward.

To many, Gillespie ranks as the greatest jazz trumpeter of all time, with the possible exception of Louis Armstrong. He took the saxophone-influenced lines of Roy Eldridge and executed them faster, with greater ease and harmonic daring, playing his jagged melodies with abandon, reaching into the highest registers of the trumpet range, and improvising into precarious situations from which he seemed always to extricate himself. Gillespie helped popularize the interval of the augmented eleventh (flat fifth) as a characteristic sound in modern jazz, and he used certain stock phrases in his improvisations that became clichés when two generations of jazz musicians incorporated them into their own solos. His late 1940s look—beret, hornrim glasses, and goatee—became the unofficial “bebop uniform” and a precursor to the beatnik styles of the 1950s. Other personal trademarks included his bent-bell trumpet and his enormous puffy cheeks that ballooned when playing. Gillespie was also a noted composer whose songbook is a list of bebop’s greatest hits; “Salt Peanuts,” “Woody ’n’ You,” “Con Alma,” “Groovin’ High,” “Blue ’n’ Boogie,” and “A Night in Tunisia” all became jazz standards.

Although his most innovative period was over by the end of the 1950s, Gillespie continued to perform at the highest level. During the 1970s he made several big band, small-group, and duet recordings (with such players as Oscar Peterson and Count Basie) that rank among his best work. As an active musical ambassador, Gillespie led several overseas tours sponsored by the U.S. State Department and traveled the world extensively, sharing his knowledge with younger players. During his last few years, he was the leader of the United Nations Orchestra, which featured such Gillespie protégés as Paquito D’Rivera and Arturo Sandoval. Gillespie’s memoirs, To Be, or Not…to Bop, were published in 1979.

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Miles Davis started learning the trumpet at 13, and three years later he was playing professional gigs at a local music society, although his mother refused to let him officially join a band until he had finished high-school. Davis was from a wealthy ranch-owning southern family from Illinois, and his father was a dental surgeon. Although she was a music teacher, his mother is said to have hated the sound of the trumpet.

Davis attended the prestigious Juilliard School of Music in New York in 1944 but dropped out after his first year. He left Juilliard with an impeccable playing technique and knowledge of music theory that would prove indispensable in developing pioneering jazz styles later in his career.

Davis’ musical style went through many transformations in his long career (spanning half a century) in an attempt to always remain at the avant-garde of new musical currents. Throughout his career, only his accessible lyricism remained intact, defined by a clear and mesmerizing vocal quality, the intimacy of which was intensified through the often use of a Harmon mute. In essence, Davis wanted to stay as true to the human voice as was possible.

After helping to establish the Bebop genre alongside the likes of Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk and Charlie “Bird” Parker (with whom Davis had a tempestuous relationship), Davis vied away from the bebop scene and began to develop his signature sound, defined by its vocal quality and accessibility. “Cool Jazz” was the antithesis of Bebop, which produced somewhat incomprehensible bursts of music at impossibly high speeds. “Cool Jazz” wanted to bring the music back to the people. With the help of arranger Gil Evans, and several other like-minded artists, the Birth of the Cool(1956) was initiated.

Although many of Davis’ musical collaborators have been white (most notably Gil Evans), Miles Davis has been noted for his anti-white sentiments. For example, Davis’ departure from Julliard School of Music in 1945 was due to the educational focus on the white composer canon of Western music, in agreement with the widely used term “Dead White Males” (DWEM) in cultural criticism. As Davis wrote in Miles the Autobiography(1990): “I hate how white people always try to take credit for something after they discover it. Like it wasn’t happening before they found out about it. Then they try to take all the credit, try to cut everybody black out.” Unfortunately, the truth of this is undeniable and well documented in the music industry.

In the Jazz scene of the 1940s and ’50s, drug use was an unavoidable rite of passage. Miles Davis’ struggle with heroin addiction is paralleled in the life-stories of other famous Jazz musicians including Ray Charles and Charlie “Bird” Parker (whom Davis lived with at this time). Davis’ addiction to heroin was first made public in an interview with band-leader Cab Calloway, composer of “Minnie the Moocher” (1931), in a Down Beatinterview, something for which Davis never forgave Calloway. After this exposure as well as an arrest in Los Angles for possession, Davis moved back home to Illinois in order to recover from his addiction, but this was only the beginning of a long ordeal in which his own father had him arrested. After several false recoveries, Davis returned home to clean up for the last time and finally stopped using for good in 1954.

Miles Davis sustained injuries when two gang-bangers opened fire on him when he was sitting in a car with a woman in Brooklyn, New York, in 1969. He subsequently offered a $10,000 reward for their apprehension, but the reward was never collected. In an interview, Davis claimed that both assailants had been killed. After Davis was hospitalized and treated, he was booked for marijuana possession.

Davis’ album Kind of Blue (released in 1959), is the best-known Jazz album ever recorded. After going platinum four times, it is also the best-selling Jazz album of all time, selling four times the amount of the album that comes in second place on the list: Head Hunters by Herbie Hancock (1973).

Miles Davis made his television acting debut in an episode of Miami Vice titled “Junk Love.” He was cast as a pimp named Ivory Jones, who shoots the breeze with Crockett and Tubbs in his famously husky tones.

Miles Davis permanently damaged his vocal chords in 1957 when he shouted at a colleague days after undergoing throat surgery.

During a routine appointment, doctors suggested Miles Davis have a tube implanted to relieve his breathing following repeated bouts of bronchial pneumonia. The jazz legend was so outraged that he gave himself an intracerebral hemorrhage. Davis fell into a coma and after several days on life support, he died on September 28, 1991.

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Charlie “Bird” Parker was a highly influential saxophonist that contributed to the growth of the bebop style of jazz music during the demise of the Big-Band era, alongside other notable artists such as Miles Davis and Dizzy Gillespie. Bebop is synonymous with fast improvisation and complicated chord structures.

Parker married for the first time when he was 15, and had a succession of four marriages throughout his short life.

Charlie Parker’s nickname “Bird” (also “Yardbird”) has many stories associated with it, but two are more convincing than others. One story recounted by Jazz trombonist Clyde Berhardt in his autobiography I Remember (1986) said that “[Charlie] Told me he got the name Yardbird because he was crazy about eating chicken: fried, baked, boiled, stewed, anything. He liked it. Down there in the South, all chickens are called yardbirds.”

Another interpretation given by fellow Bebop saxophonist Buddy Collette is that he got the name because used to practice all the time in the local park, since that was the only place far enough from the residential areas to play without being bothered by the police.

Songs reflecting his avian nickname include “Ornithology,” “Bird of Paradise,” and “Yardbird suite,” all of which were composed by Parker, even though he is recorded to have found his nickname extremely annoying.

Dizzy Gillespie said that “Charlie Parker’s contribution to our music was mostly melody, accents and bluesy interpretation.” Parker’s highly coveted musical style consisted of extremely fast improvisations played in an extremely free manner, captivating melodies. The blues was a fundamental part of his musical style.

Charlie Parker was a heroin addict. Unlike Ray Charles, who managed his addiction well, Parker was impulsive and missed gigs. In one circumstance Parker moved cities because of his need for heroin, after cashing in his return ticket from California to New York after a gig. This turned out to be a positive move, because heroin was not readily available in California.

In 1951, Parker’s cabaret card, which performers during the prohibition era needed in order to work in nightclubs, was suspended by the authorities because of his drug charges.

In 1949, the original Broadway club Birdland was opened in honor of Charlie Parker, and he was the headlining act on opening night. However, at one point, due to his excessive drinking and trouble-making, Parker was banned from the club that beared his name. Other than Parker, in the first years of the club, Miles Davis, Erroll Garner, Theolnious Monk and John Coltrane graced Birdland’s stage.

Clint Eastwood directed a movie about Parker’s life called Bird in 1988, written by Joel Oliansky and starring Forest Whitaker as Parker and Samuel E. Wright as Dizzy Gillespie. This film stemmed from Eastwood’s enthusiasm for the Jazz genre of Bebop – Eastwood has been quoted saying that Jazz and Westerns are America’s only true art forms.

Parker died from pneumonia and a bleeding ulcer whilst watching The Dorsey Brothers’ Stage Show on television in 1955. He was 34 years old.

Charlie Parker’s heroin and alcohol addictions were so severe, that after his death at 34, the coroner mistakenly estimated him to be between 50 and 60 years old.

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Turner is known as a consummate professional when it comes to recording.

The 1993 movie What’s Love Got To Do With It is about her life. Angela Bassett stars as Turner.

Her real name is Anna Mae Bullock. Ike Turner convinced her to change it, and he like the name Tina because it sounded like “Sheena,” who was queen of the jungle.

She married bandleader Ike Turner in 1958. She divorced him in 1978 after years of abuse. She had four children with Ike. She took nothing in the divorce and supported them on her own, briefly living on food stamps.

A 24-year-old Bryan Adams was her support act on Turner’s Private Dancer tour, and would perform “It’s Only Love” with Tina on stage. Adams said in an interview: “I used to go to see her in the clubs when I was in my late teens/early 20s before she hit the big time. It was incredible to watch her. Amazingly when we toured together years later, I never saw Tina walk through a performance, she always put on a great show, and was gracious and grateful to her audience.”

She sang with Mick Jagger at Live Aid in 1985. In the ’60s, she and Ike toured with The Rolling Stones in the US. Turner complained later that Mick Jagger had stolen many of her dance moves.

In 1985, she acted with Mel Gibson in the movie Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome, and also sang the theme song. Other movies she’s appeared in: The Big T.N.T. Show (1966), Gimme Shelter (1970), It’s Your Thing(1970), Tommy (1975), Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1978) and Last Action Hero (1993).

Tina’s hair fell out in 1960 after she tried to bleach it – she’s been wearing wigs ever since.

Her nose was surgically reconstructed after it was repeatedly broken by Ike.

She was a cheerleader and played on the girl’s basketball team while in high school.

Turner has been a practicing Buddist since 1975.

She is part Navajo and part Cherokee.

At the Grammy awards in 2008, Tina was the subject of a tribute where she performed “Proud Mary” with Beyonce, who introduced Tina Turner as “The Queen.” The introduction didn’t go over well with Aretha Franklin, who is known as the “Queen Of Soul.”

She had the highest grossing tour in the year 2000.

Tina was the top grossing act of the year 2000. Her farewell tour made $80 Million in 95 performances.

Tina Turner married German music producer Erwin Bach in a discreet civil ceremony on the banks of Lake Zurich in the summer of 2013. David Bowie, Sade and talk show impresario Oprah Winfrey were among the more than 120 guests who were invited for a private celebration at her lakeside chateau.

Tina Turner’s legs were described by George W. Bush as “the most famous in show business.”

Tina Turner has been living in Switzerland since 1994. She relinquished her US citizenship in 2013 and is now a Swiss citizen.

When Tina Turner was diagnosed with intestinal cancer in 2016, she opted for homeopathic remedies to treat her high blood pressure instead of medication. This caused kidney failure; Turner considered assisted suicide until her husband, Erwin Bach, donated a kidney to her.

Psychedelic Lunch

Welcome to our “Psychedelic Lunch” series, where we find out how deep the rabbit hole really goes and explore music from the 60’s to today. Weekdays At Noon EST. Enjoy the trip!

Brown was a singer, songwriter, bandleader and dancer known as “The Godfather Of Soul.” Members of his band have said that he was very demanding, but could bring out their great performances.

In the ’60s and ’70s, he regularly topped the R&B charts, and although he never had a #1 Pop hit, he charted 96 songs on the Hot 100, second only to Elvis.

His stage moves were legendary, with spins, shuffles and incredibly quick footwork. These moves were emulated by many performers, including Mick Jagger and Michael Jackson.

At the end of the ’60s, he owned a publishing company, three radio stations and a Learjet.

Brown valued an organic sound with live instruments. “A computer don’t breathe, it sounds mechanical, no dynamics at all,” he told Q magazine in 2006.

In January 2004, he was arrested on a domestic violence charge after his 33-year-old wife, Tomi Rea Brown, called police to report that Brown pushed her onto the ground during an argument. She suffered scratches and bruises on her arm and hip. Brown ended up pleading no contest and paid $1,087 as punishment.

In December 1988, James Brown was sentenced to a 6-year prison sentence after being arrested on several assault, drug possession, and vehicular charges. He was released on February 27, 1991. A year later he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at that Grammy Awards.

In 1985, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of its first members.

He was imprisoned for petty theft in 1949 after breaking into a car, and paroled three years later.

His first group was The Flames, and he was the drummer. He sang some lead vocals with other members and quickly became their frontman.

In 1988, intoxicated on PCP, he burst into an insurance seminar adjoining his own office in Augusta, then led police on a car chase across the South Carolina border. He was sentenced to prison for carrying a deadly weapon at a public gathering, attempting to flee a police officer and driving under the influence of drugs, and was released in 1991.

On Christmas day, 1990, he performed two sets of three songs each for soldiers at Fort Jackson in Columbia, South Carolina who had to stay there because of the impending Gulf War. Brown was given a four-day furlough from the work center where he was incarcerated in order to perform the free show. It was his first concert in two years.

He made a habit of calling of calling people “Mister,” because that’s how he liked to be addressed. This endeared him to many business partners who saw it as a sign of respect.

He died at 73 in Atlanta of congestive heart failure after being hospitalized for pneumonia.

Psychedelic Lunch